3V FM Transmitter for 88MHz to 108MHz
The important part of the circuit is formed of the Colpitts type oscillator. C3,C4,C5,C6,CD1-CD2 and L1 determines the frequency. BF982 and dual gate MOSFET are active parts in oscillator. When the input impedance of the MOSFET gate inputs are high, LC tank is not affected. However transistors force the LC tank and cause phase shift. Two driver stages are added to isolate the antenna from oscillator. First stage (BF199) amplifies the low signal of the oscillator and works as a constant load. The second stage (BFR90) amplifies the signal going through the antenna some more. A short copper wire can be used as an antenna here. Attaching a large antenna to this circuit is unnecessary because the output power is low.
3W FM Transmitter Amplifier
Presented is a three stage 3W FM Transmitter Amplifier using 2SC9018, 2SC2053 and 2SC1970 transistors. The circuit is supplied by 12-14V DC voltage and requires at least 500mA of current.
4 Transistor FM Transmitter
This circuit provides an FM modulated signal with an output power of around 500mW. The input microphone pre-amp is built around a couple of 2N3904 transistors (Q1/Q2), and audio gain is limited by the 5k preset trim potentiometer. The oscillator is a colpitt stage, frequency of oscillation governed by the tank circuit made from two 5pF ceramic capacitors and the L2 inductor. The output stage operates as a 'Class D' amplifier, no direct bias is applied but the RF signal developed across the 3.9uH inductor is sufficient to drive this stage. The emitter resistor and 1k base resistor prevent instability and thermal runaway in this stage.
40 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier
Building two stage 40 Watt FM Transmitter Amplifier. RF input power should be between 0.5 and 1 watt. Amplifier is powered by 28V power supply. The diagram shows a 2N3375 driving a 2N5643 but there are many other transistors that will work. I used these two transistors just because they were cheap at the time. If any of the variable capacitors are at full capacitance you can pad them out with a fixed ceramic capacitor of suitable value. Extra capacitance also might be needed on the base of the transistors (i had to add 3 100pF capacitors on the base of the 2N5643). The transistors are bolted to a piece of right angle aluminum which is fixed to the metal chassis to dissipate heat effectively.
400mW VCO FM transmitter
With good antenna (dipole placed outdoor and high) the transmitter has very good coverage range about 500 meters, the maximal coverage range is up to 4 km.
400mW VCO FM Transmitter
This simple 400mW transmitter broadcasts audio on 87.5 - 108 MHz FM radio band. With good dipole antenna transmission range up to 4km is possible. Frequency is selected by adjusting R1 potentiometer. Transmitter should be powered by regulated 12-14V power supply with at least 100mA current rating.
40mW FM TRANSMITTER
The transmitters on my homepage seem to be quite popular, especially those intended for the 88 - 108MHz FM band. I must really confess that I also favor this broadcast band, mainly because it is so easy to find signals on the workshop radio. Everyone has an FM radio, and it is fun to play with. Experimental antennas and the like can all be developed in this band since there are a huge range of "beacons" all transmitting just for my benefit :-). Basic oscillators also are easy to fault-find in this frequency band, and then later modified for other VHF bands.
The V5 FM Wireless Microphone is a 10mW transmitter that featured a coil fabricated on the PCB itself. This made the project easy to duplicate and removed "microphony" (the ability of coils to act as a microphone with spring-line reverb). But as several people have already commented, although more stable than most other similar kits and projects, the frequency still does vary with battery voltage. In just one session it can vary by 200kHz when a cheap "Mighty Atom" battery falls to 8 volts.
4km FM Transmitter
This is a VCO FM Transmitter. With good antenna (dipole placed outdoor and high) the transmitter has very good coverage range about 500 meters, the maximal coverage range is up to 4 km. To calibrate for maximum power connect 6 V / 0,1 light bulb to the output and use R1 to tune the right frequency, adjust L1 coil if necesary. Then use C14 and C15 to adjust the highest power (the highest light of the bulb). Then you can connect antenna and audio signal. Adjust R2 until the audio sounds as loud as the other stations.
5 Watt FM Amplifier
This design is a 2 stage amplifier that has about 17db of gain, suitable for an input of 50 to 100 MW. Its basically a Veronica 5 watt vco transmitter, without the vco. The transistors are a 2N4427 and a MRF237. Output power is 2.5 to 5 watts, depending on input drive and dc voltage. At 13.7 vdc with 50 MW of drive, the output was 2.5 watts. The maximum dc voltage recommended is about 15-16 volts.
5 Watt Transmitter
This is a very simple 5 watt CW TX based upon a TTL logic chip. There is just one "tricky" component and this is Cx. This component should have an impedance of about 10 - 50 ohms at the frequency of interest. If you wish to reduce the transmitter power, increase the value of Cx. It is Cx which causes the square wave from the output transistor to approximate a sine waveform. The value of Cx is the price of simplicity in this TX.