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 Schematics  >>  PLL Synthesizers

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AVR ATMega8 board for PLL MC145170
This board allow to manage a FM transmitter including a Phase Locked Loop (PLL)on a serial bus (SPI) like a MC145170. A current frequency is memorized in EEPROM to configure PLL at power up. Three auxiliairy frequencies are available for maintenance function and/or HF adjust. A local interface include 4 keys and a LCD display enable to modify transmitter parameters. This board can be completely drived from a serial link RS232 (19200 Bds,8b data,2b stop, no parity). A temperature sensor enable to control working temperature and 2 analog input are used for HF power measure (Forward and Reflected). Information about TOS protection activation is processed by this board to inform user (local and remote) on a TOS Alarm.

AVR ATMega8 PLL Module with MC145170

BIAS COMS PLL transmitter
This schematic originally comes from Bias Comms and was originally intended for use in combination with a BGY33 or BGY133 module. The PLL is very straightforward and should not be too difficult to build.

The synthesizer will generate a 3:1 frequency range anywhere from 300Hz to 4,000,000Hz (4MHz). Using the components shown you can feed the synthesizer with up to 12vDC but with only 9vDC the synthesizer may not achieve more than 3.5MHz.

Improved CMOS RF Synthesizer
Lock range extended up to about 400:1 (50KHz - 2MHz). Spectral purity improved - reduced reference frequency FM ripple. Output level buffered to over 200mW RF power output. Unecessary DIP switches removed - silly combinations not possible. BMP format single-sided PCB foil available for downloading. External VCO/Prescaler PCB to follow shortly (up to 150MHz)

MC145151 PLL FM Transmitter
This PLL has been designed with an old Motorola circuit :the MC145151. The VCO is based on a "Colpitz" oscillator equiped with a Fet Transistor.(J310) Two varicap Diodes are used in order to reduce the global noise of the VCO. In addition,these two diodes allow the PLL to keep the lock status through a large range of climatic conditions. An another J310 is used in order to match the impedance between the oscillator and the fist amplifier stage. A MSA1105 from Minicircuits increases the RF power level coming from the VCO to +14dBm. A simple low pass filter rejects the second harmonic to -20 dB.(Worst case) Finally, a 7 dB attenuator and a second amplifier stage (BFR96S) achieve this radio design.

MC145170 PLL Synthesizer with PIC16F84
MC145170 PLL Synthesizer with PIC16F84

PLL Module
This schematic originally comes from a Dutch magazine called Free Radio Magazine in the mid eighties. It's just a PLL nothing more, nothing less. The resistor named R can be replaced by a 50 Ohm type if the power supply is 5 Volts. The dividing ratio can be programed with IC2. For the ratios see table 1. Example: If the input signal has a frequency of 10MHz, the crystal frequency output is 10.240-10.000=0.24. Now looking at table 1, we see we can make 24 by combining the 8 and 16 program switches (pin 11 and pin 12 closed to Vcc).

PLL Oscillator
This PLL was first published in March 1983 in Free Radio Magazine and was re-published a year later in the same magazine. It uses the well known 4046 as PLL and a CD4059 as programmable divider.

PLL Tuning Module
SAA1057 Dual-speed PLL designed for wideband FM transmitter.

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Accurate LC Meter Capacitance Inductance Meter with 16F628 and LCD
Volt Ampere Meter with 16F876 Microcontroller and LCD display
Accurate LC Meter

Build your own Accurate LC Meter (Capacitance Inductance Meter) and start making your own coils and inductors. This LC Meter allows to measure incredibly small inductances making it perfect tool for making all types of RF coils and inductors. LC Meter can measure inductances starting from 10nH - 1000nH, 1uH - 1000uH, 1mH - 100mH and capacitances from 0.1pF up to 900nF. The circuit includes an auto ranging as well as reset switch and produces very accurate and stable readings.
PIC Volt Ampere Meter

Volt Ampere Meter measures voltage of 0-70V or 0-500V with 100mV resolution and current consumption 0-10A or more with 10mA resolution. The meter is a perfect addition to any power supply, battery chargers and other electronic projects where voltage and current must be monitored. The meter uses PIC16F876A microcontroller with 16x2 backlighted LCD.

50MHz 60MHz Frequency Meter / Counter with 16F628 & LCD
1Hz - 2MHz XR2206 Function Generator
60MHz Frequency Meter / Counter

Frequency Meter / Counter measures frequency from 10Hz to 60MHz with 10Hz resolution. It is a very useful bench test equipment for testing and finding out the frequency of various devices with unknown frequency such as oscillators, radio receivers, transmitters, function generators, crystals, etc.
1Hz - 2MHz XR2206 Function Generator

1Hz - 2MHz XR2206 Function Generator produces high quality sine, square and triangle waveforms of high-stability and accuracy. The output waveforms can be both amplitude and frequency modulated. Output of 1Hz - 2MHz XR2206 Function Generator can be connected directly to 60MHz Counter for setting precise frequency output.

BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter
USB IO Board PIC18F2455 / PIC18F2550
BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter

Be "On Air" with your own radio station! BA1404 HI-FI Stereo FM Transmitter broadcasts high quality stereo signal in 88MHz - 108MHz FM band. It can be connected to any type of stereo audio source such as iPod, Computer, Laptop, CD Player, Walkman, Television, Satellite Receiver, Tape Deck or other stereo system to transmit stereo sound with excellent clarity throughout your home, office, yard or camp ground.
USB IO Board

USB IO Board is a tiny spectacular little development board / parallel port replacement featuring PIC18F2455/PIC18F2550 microcontroller. USB IO Board is compatible with Windows / Mac OSX / Linux computers. When attached to Windows IO board will show up as RS232 COM port. You can control 16 individual microcontroller I/O pins by sending simple serial commands. USB IO Board is self-powered by USB port and can provide up to 500mA for electronic projects. USB IO Board is breadboard compatible.

ESR Meter / Transistor Tester Kit
Audiophile Headphone Amplifier Kit
ESR Meter / Capacitance / Inductance / Transistor Tester Kit

ESR Meter kit is an amazing multimeter that measures ESR values, capacitance (100pF - 20,000uF), inductance, resistance (0.1 Ohm - 20 MOhm), tests many different types of transistors such as NPN, PNP, FETs, MOSFETs, Thyristors, SCRs, Triacs and many types of diodes. It also analyzes transistor's characteristics such as voltage and gain. It is an irreplaceable tool for troubleshooting and repairing electronic equipment by determining performance and health of electrolytic capacitors. Unlike other ESR Meters that only measure ESR value this one measures capacitor's ESR value as well as its capacitance all at the same time.
Audiophile Headphone Amplifier Kit

Audiophile headphone amplifier kit includes high quality audio grade components such as Burr Brown OPA2134 opamp, ALPS volume control potentiometer, Ti TLE2426 rail splitter, Ultra-Low ESR 220uF/25V Panasonic FM filtering capacitors, High quality WIMA input and decoupling capacitors and Vishay Dale resistors. 8-DIP machined IC socket allows to swap OPA2134 with many other dual opamp chips such as OPA2132, OPA2227, OPA2228, dual OPA132, OPA627, etc. Headphone amplifier is small enough to fit in Altoids tin box, and thanks to low power consumption may be supplied from a single 9V battery.

Arduino Prototype Kit
RF Remote Control 433MHz Four Channel
Arduino Prototype Kit

Arduino Prototype is a spectacular development board fully compatible with Arduino Pro. It's breadboard compatible so it can be plugged into a breadboard for quick prototyping, and it has VCC & GND power pins available on both sides of PCB. It's small, power efficient, yet customizable through onboard 2 x 7 perfboard that can be used for connecting various sensors and connectors. Arduino Prototype uses all standard through-hole components for easy construction, two of which are hidden underneath IC socket. Board features 28-PIN DIP IC socket, user replaceable ATmega328 microcontroller flashed with Arduino bootloader, 16MHz crystal resonator and a reset switch. It has 14 digital input/output pins (0-13) of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs and 6 analog inputs (A0-A5). Arduino sketches are uploaded through any USB-Serial adapter connected to 6-PIN ICSP female header. Board is supplied by 2-5V voltage and may be powered by a battery such as Lithium Ion cell, two AA cells, external power supply or USB power adapter.
200m 4-Channel 433MHz Wireless RF Remote Control

Having the ability to control various appliances inside or outside of your house wirelessly is a huge convenience, and can make your life much easier and fun. RF remote control provides long range of up to 200m / 650ft and can find many uses for controlling different devices, and it works even through the walls. You can control lights, fans, AC system, computer, printer, amplifier, robots, garage door, security systems, motor-driven curtains, motorized window blinds, door locks, sprinklers, motorized projection screens and anything else you can think of.
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