Simple FM Transmitter
This FM transmitter is about the simplest and most basic FM transmitter it is possible to build and have a useful
transmitting range. It is surprisingly powerful despite its small component count and 3V operating voltage. It will
easily penetrate over three floors of an apartment building and go over 300 meters in the open air. The circuit
we use is based on a proven Australian design. It may be tuned anywhere in the FM band. Or it may be tuned
outside the commercial M band for greater privacy. (Of course this means you must modify your FM radio to
be able to receive the transmission or have a broad-band FM receiver.) The output power of this FM Tx is below
the legal limits of many countries (eg, USA and Australia). However, some countries may ban ALL wireless transmissions without a license. It is the responsibility of the builder to check the legal requirements for the operation of this circuit and to obey them.
Simple FM Transmitter Bug
This is a simple design of a small FM Transmitter Bug that's perfect for transmitting and eavesdropping purposes. Due to the high sensitivity, even the ticking of the clock to hear. The range is estimated at anything from 50 meters. With a small piece of wire as an antenna to get at least the whole house. L1 and L2 are two equal air pools. They each consist of 5 turns at a diameter of about 4 mm. The thickness of the wire does not matter, 0.5 mm works perfectly. C4 is the frequency adjustment. Tune an FM radio in an empty area of the FM band and C4 to turn your silence or hear a whistle. From what you can precisely adjust the radio and the transmitter installed in a room somewhere to intercept. Note: Because these transmitter bugs inherently unstable, you better read the short legs of the components keep the circuit mechanically tightly together up. Also placing a 1 nF capacitor (C6) will benefit stability.
R1, R3, R4: 4K7
R6: 270 Ohms
C1, C2: 10 uF
C3, C6: 1 nF
C4: 2-18 pF trimmer
C5: 5.6 pF
L1, L2: air puddle windings on May 4 mm in diameter (see text)
T1, T2: 547 BC
Ook het plaatsen van een 1 nF condensatortje (C6) over de voedingsaanluitingen komt de werking ten goede. [Origineel TinyCAD ontwerp]
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Simple FM Transmitter with BC549
This is simple FM transmitter for FM broadcast band in 88-108 MHz. BC 549 is small signal transistor for wide applications, but usually for AF. You can build simple FM transmitter with one BC549 transistor and several other component parts. Simple FM transmitter with only one transistor is often called “bug”. This project is suitable for beginners in radio amateur, education, or hobbies. As an antenna you can connect 150cm of copper wire.
Simple Miniature FM Transmitter
I found this FM transmitter circuit on the internet, it works very well and it is very simple to build, even for amateurs. I managed to squeeze all the parts on small 1.5 x 2 cm PCB. When using small wire antenna and 3V power the range is 50m. The coil has 10 turns on a 3 mm diameter and is wound with 0.3 mm copper wire. The microphone is an electret type. Transmitting frequency is changed by stretching or compressing the coil. Furthermore, we can change the frequency by changing C2 capacitor (10pF capacitor with a frequency of about 88MHz, with 8.2pF 95Mhz and 6.8pF 104Mhz). Further tuning to the correct frequency is done through the coil. Transmitter can be powered by 3V button battery.
Simple MP3 FM Transmitter
A simple MP3 FM transmitter circuit shown here can be built easily in few minutes if all parts are available to you. All the components used in this transmitter circuit are general purpose and low cost. The circuit will work as a best FM transmitter for simply broadcasting your music around your house and yard, and can be used to broadcast the output of any equipment like mp3 player, ipod, satellite, etc.
Simple RF Power Meter
Here is a simple set up which will enable them to measure the out put power of their transmitter. All that they require is a good multimeter which has a sensitivity of 20k ohms/4 Watts which is adequate for low power transmitters. Many beginners trying out their skill with QRP TX, for the first time have to overcome many problems before they are able to come on the air. On usual complaint is that, every thing is working fine but the signal is not going out.
Simplest FM Transmitter
This simple FM Transmitter takes audio input through a 1/4" phono jack and, constructed as shown, without the optional antenna connections, will broadcast an FM radio signal about 30 feet. This is the standard model of simplest FM transmitters includes a trim capacitor to adjust the transmitting frequency. It can be powered by a 9V battery and uses a hand-turned copper coil. The circuit is extraordinarily simple and could be built on perfboard or on a panel almost as easily.
Single Transistor VCO FM Transmitter
This simple transmitter allows you to broadcast on FM radio band 87.5 - 108 MHz. It consists of a simple oscillator with silicon planar RF PNP transistor. Directly to the oscillator an antenna is connected. Due to the large amplitude of RF voltage is sufficient antenna length of about 5-10 cm. I used insulated 7cm long copper wire 1mm diameter. I eliminated the tuning capacitor, which is usual for most bugs and miniature transmitters, because this greatly complicates the tuning. From my own experience I know that if you get closer to such capacitor, the operating frequency is changed. That's why I chose to use the voltage tuning using the Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO). Instead of tuning capacitor the varicap (capacitance diode) is used, which changes its capacity by changing the reverse DC voltage. We can tune the operating frequency by changing the DC voltage using the trimmer P1. Varicap also provides frequency modulation.
Solar Powered Long Range FM Transmitter
There are many miniature FM transmitter bug circuits online, this one is unique in that it runs completely on solar power. No battery is required. As long as the sun is shining on the PV panel, the transmitter will transmit. The transmitter bug is useful as a "remote ear", and can be used for anything from listening birds to surveillance work. The mic preamp and oscillator circuits were borrowed from a common circuit found around the Internet, a regulated solar power supply and an RF amp that extends the range of transmitter and improves frequency stability were added.
Spy FM Transmitter Bug
Here's a tiny one transistor spy FM transmitter bug that operates from a single 1.5V AA battery. Main advantage of this circuit is that power supply is a 1.5 Volts cell (any size) which makes it possible to fix PCB and the battery into very tight places. Transmitter even runs with standard NiCd rechargeable cells, for example a 750mAh AA size battery runs it about 500 hours (while it draws 1.4mA at 1.24V) which equals to 20 days. This way circuit especially valuable in amateur spy operations. Mini FM transmitters take place as one of the standard circuit types in an amateur electronics fan's beginning steps. When done right, they provide very clear wireless sound transmission through an ordinary FM radio over a remarkable distance. I've seen lots of designs through the years, some of them were so simple, some of them were powerful, some of them were hard to build etc.